Colombian coffee is a protected geographical indication, which was officially recognized by the European Union on 27 September 2007. This designation is given to 100% Arabica coffee produced in the coffee regions of Colombia, defined between latitude North 1° to 11°15, longitude West 72° to 78° and specific altitude ranges that can exceed 2,000 meters above sea level.
The 100% Arabica coffee produced in Colombia needs specific climatic conditions for its production. Although it is a typical product of the tropical zone, its cultivation also requires special soil conditions, temperature, atmospheric precipitation and a certain altitude above sea level.
The ideal conditions for cultivation are between 1,200 and 1,800 metres above sea level, with temperate temperatures ranging from 17 to 23 degrees Celsius and precipitation of around 2,000 millimetres per year, distributed throughout the year. While these conditions are the most common, it is also possible to produce outstanding coffee at marginally higher altitudes or with different levels or frequency of precipitation.